The report Wake up before it is too late. Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security in a changing climate has been just released from UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). Among the key messages, this report clearly states the need for a shift from conventional, monoculture based agriculture towards ecological food production systems.
This paper examines the relationship between organic agriculture and food security in Africa, analysing organic agriculture’s impact on food availability as well as natural, social, human, physical and financial capital in the region. Given the paper’s origins, special attention has been given to East Africa throughout the paper, including analysis of 15 case studies. The conclusions and findings are, however, relevant for all African countries as well as many other developing countries around the world.