Peasant-led food sovereignty gives life to agricultural biodiversity

Title Peasant-led food sovereignty gives life to agricultural biodiversity
Contributor Patrick Mulvany
Content What is it about?
ABSTRACT
Agricultural biodiversity is dynamically managed by smaller-scale food providers, who have co-evolved with their crops and livestock and agroecosystems over millennia. It encompasses not only the species directly harvested for food etc. but also all the support species that provide essential ecosystem functions, which support the productive environment.

Agricultural biodiversity increased over millennia with the movement of peoples across the globe. However, more recently with the rampant spread of the industrial production of commodities, livestock and fisheries, agricultural biodiversity is haemorrhaging.

Yet, it is the smaller-scale food providers – the world’s peasants – who provide nourishment for most people in the world through their biodiverse and ecologically-resilient production systems, developed in the framework of food sovereignty, who sustain agricultural biodiversity. Their production systems enhance agricultural biodiversity and enable it to adapt to changes in agroecosystems due to climate change and other threats.

This article calls for the breaking of the value chains which bind industrial producers to unsustainable and biodiversity-destroying production and consumption systems. It also calls for the protection of the rights of smaller-scale, biodiversity-enhancing food providers whose localised food webs developed in the framework of food sovereignty will continue to provide food for most people today and tomorrow as well as sustaining and enhancing agricultural biodiversity for future generations.

Why is it important?
Localised peasant production provides food for more than 70% of the world’s population. The agricultural biodiversity they dynamically manage underpins peasant agroecology and is regenerated by these ecologically-resilient production systems, developed in the framework of food sovereignty. Sustaining agricultural biodiversity is vital in confronting climate change and other threats and securing food supplies now and for future generations.

This article contributes to the awareness of the importance of the agricultural biodiversity and the key role that small-scale producers are playing in dynamically managing it – in situ, above and below ground and in waters – in their ecological production systems.

Year Published 2017
Language English
Link http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14888386.2017.1366872

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Who Will Feed Us? The Industrial Food Chain vs the Peasant Food Web

Title Who Will Feed Us? The Industrial Food Chain vs the Peasant Food Web
Contributor ETC Group
Content Who Will Feed Us? is a data-driven report full of unexpected statistics that reveal a tale of two food systems. It upturns common assumptions about who feeds whom in a hungry world threatened by climate change.

Some highlights of the report:

  • Peasants (not food corporations) feed the world: 70% of the world’s population is fed by the Peasant Food Web, using only 25% of resources.
  • Industrial food production fails to feed: Only 24% of the food produced by the Industrial Food
    Chain actually reaches people – the rest is wasted in meat production inefficiencies; lost in transport, storage and at the household; and diverted to non-food products.
  • Industrial food costs us more: For every dollar spent on industrial food, it costs another 2 dollars to clean up the mess

The report is also available in Spanish and French

Year Published 2017
Language English
Link http://www.etcgroup.org/sites/www.etcgroup.org/files/files/etc-whowillfeedus-english-webshare.pdf

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Investissements dans l’agriculture durable à petite échelle

Title Investissements dans l’agriculture durable à petite échelle
Contributor More and Better
Content Ce rapport de 32 pages donne un aperçu de la situation mondiale des investissements dans l’agriculture. Il fournit des exemples de plusieurs pays et présente des recommandations pour des investissements futurs dans une agriculture durable à petite échelle.

L’objectif du rapport est de:
Augmenter les connaissances, la sensibilisation et les discussions sur les investissements dans l’agriculture durable à petite échelle parmi les organisations d’agriculteurs, les ONG, les institutions et les investisseurs travaillant dans l’agriculture, en particulier dans les pays en développement, ainsi que les décideurs et les institutions des pays de l’OCDE qui s’occupent de l’aide publique au développement (APD).

Contribuer à l’augmentation des investissements publics et privés dans l’agriculture durable à petite échelle.

Year Published 2017
Language Français
Link http://tinyurl.com/mabfrench

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Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus: Addressing practices, political economy and power relations to build healthier food systems’

Title Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus: Addressing practices, political economy and power relations to build healthier food systems’
Contributor International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems
Content This report from the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES) reviews the latest evidence on the whole range of health impacts associated with food systems around the world to provide a full picture. It further examines the political economy of food systems: why evidence gaps persist, why negative impacts are systematically reproduced, and why certain problems are not politically prioritized.
Year Published 2017
Language English
Link http://www.ipes-food.org/images/Reports/Health_FullReport.pdf

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Women, Agroecology & Gender Equality

Title Women, Agroecology & Gender Equality
Contributor Focus on the Global South
Content This booklet from Focus on the Global South, is intended to serve as a basic background resource for grassroots groups, to make links between gender and agroecology, and to understand agroecology’s potential to address gender inequalities.
Year Published 2017
Language English
Link https://focusweb.org/content/women-agroecology-gender-equality

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Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

Title Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food
Contributor Human Rights Council
Content The report was written by Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Hilal Elver, in collaboration with the Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes. In the report, a clearer account is provided of global pesticide use in agriculture and its impact on human rights; the negative consequences that pesticide practices have had on human health, the environment and society, which are underreported and monitored in the shadow of a prevailing and narrow focus on “food security”, are described; and the environmental and human rights regimes are examined to determine whether the constituent rules are sufficient to protect farm workers, consumers, and vulnerable groups, as well as the natural resources that are necessary to support sustainable food systems.

The report concludes with a set of important recommendations, which include – among the others – a call  to the international community to work on a comprehensive binding treaty to regulate and reduce the use of hazardous pesticides  taking into account human rights principles, the promotion of agroecology, the development of national action plans that support alternative sustainable practices.

Author/s Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes, Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food
Year Published 2017
Language English
Link https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G17/017/85/PDF/G1701785.pdf?OpenElement

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Climate Adapted Villages – Ethiopia

Title Climate Adapted Villages – Ethiopia
Contributor The Development Fund
Content Climate adapted villages (CAV) is the Development Fund’s method for local climate adaptation. It if focused on food production and natural resource management. This report is a review of the CAV method and how it has been implemented in Ethiopia.
Year Published 2015
Language English
Link http://www.utviklingsfondet.no/files/uf/documents/CAV-rapport_Ethiopia_web.pdf

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Tackling Hidden Hunger. Putting Diet Diversification at the Centre

Title Tackling Hidden Hunger. Putting Diet Diversification at the Centre
Contributor Third World Network
Content The scourge of “hidden hunger” or micronutrient deficiency affects around two billion people worldwide who lack adequate intake of vitamins and minerals in their diet. While several international and regional initiatives are underway to combat malnutrition, and specifically micronutrient deficiency, these have largely focused on the approaches of nutrient supplementation and food fortification at the expense of dietary diversification, considered the most durable solution to hidden hunger. The development of nutritionally enhanced genetically engineered crops, such as “Golden Rice”, has further attracted controversy and raises serious biosafety concerns.

For a global strategy on nutrition to be successful, this book argues, it must place central emphasis on diversifying diets. Towards this end, sustainable farming practices based on agricultural biodiversity, such as agroecology, are key to providing the rich variety of foods that will keep hidden hunger at bay.

Source: http://www.twn.my/title2/books/TacklingHiddenHunger.htm

 

Author/s Juan Lopez Villar
Year Published 2015
Language English
Link https://ag-transition.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/TacklingHiddenHunger.pdf

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Agroecology: key concepts, principles and practices

Title Agroecology: key concepts, principles and practices
Contributor SOCLA, TWN
Content Recognizing the urgent need for capacity building in agroecology the Third World Network organized training courses to equip key actors with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and concepts of agroecology and to provide evidence of success through illustrative examples. This booklet describes the main learning points from the training courses held in Indonesia (2013) and in Zambia (2015)
Year Published 2015
Language English
Link http://www.twn.my/title2/books/Agroecology.htm

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10 principles to guide the transition to sustainable food systems

Title 10 principles to guide the transition to sustainable food systems
Contributor IPES-Food
Content The International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food) has adopted a set of 10 principles to guide the transition to sustainable food systems. The 10 principles include 5 principles to shape the sustainable food systems of the future, and 5 principles for the types of knowledge and analysis that are required to support this transition.

 

To know more about the IPES Food, visit www.ipes-food.org

Author/s iPES-Food
Year Published 2015
Language English
Link http://www.ipes-food.org/images/CoreDocs/IPES-Food_10_principles.pdf

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