Access and benefit sharing in participatory plant breeding in Southwest China

Title Access and benefit sharing in participatory plant breeding in Southwest China
Contributor centre for learning ILEIA: Centre for Learning on sustainable agriculture
Author Ronnie Vernooy, Xin Song, Yiching Song, Zhang Yanyan
Content This contribution discusses access and benefit sharing within the context of participatory plant breeding. It presents how Chinese farmers and breeders interact in relation to crop improvement and on-farm maintenance of plant genetic resources. Based on more than a decade of action research, a number of institutional changes were accomplished as a result of the interactions between national and provincial breeding institutes, rural development researchers and local maize farmers. Although the respective legislation in China is not yet adequately formulated, access and benefit sharing can still be addressed in contracts and by labelling products of a particular geographic origin.
Type of initiative Article
Year Published
Language English
Asia CHINA
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/access-and-benefit-sharing-in-participatory-plant-breeding-in-southwest-china

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Climate Resilience Sustainable Agriculture Experiences

Title Climate Resilience Sustainable Agriculture Experiences
Contributor ActionAid
Author
Content This document summarises case studies from ten countries through ActionAid’s approach to climate resilient sustainable agriculture, which incorporates agroecology in a human rights framework. Based on these experiences ActionAid recommends to increase investment in agroecology, as part of a comprehensive human rights based approach:

  • In particular in ensuring public agriculture research works with nature, taking cognisance of the natural ecological functioning;
  • That public agriculture scientists are encouraged to work with farmers to define their research priorities, disaggregating the priorities of male and female farmers;
  • That extension agents are trained on sustainable agronomic practices and farm management, which can have significant benefits in terms of building resilience, adapting to climate change, and improving production and food security;
  • Of course, all this needs to be underpinned by support for smallholder farmers’ organisations, including women farmers’ unions, to both engage effectively with markets and with government to influence public policy in their favour.
Type of initiative Case Studies
Year Published 2014
Language English
Asia AFGHANISTAN, BANGLADESH, CAMBODIA, CHINA, MYANMAR, NEPAL
Africa MOZAMBIQUE, RWANDA
South America BRAZIL, Nicaragua
Link https://ag-transition.org/wp-content/pdf/2014-CRSA_Experiences-September_2014_SMALL.compressed.pdf

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The Agro-ecological Village Development Model: Experiences in the Philippines and China

Title The Agro-ecological Village Development Model: Experiences in the Philippines and China
Contributor REAP-Canada
Author Claudia Ho Lem, Roger Samson
Content An agro-ecological approach to rural development in the Philippines and China, devloped by Resource Efficient Agricultural Production Canada (REAP-Canada).
Type of initiative Case Studies
Year Published 2004
Language English
Asia CHINA, PHILIPPINES
Link http://www.reap-canada.com/online_library/IntDev/3%20AEV%20Development%20.pdf

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Rice Transplanting in the Tai Lake Region of China

Title Rice Transplanting in the Tai Lake Region of China
Contributor agroecology.org
Author Erle Ellis
Content Farmers transplant paddy rice to increase the growing period for winter crops and reduce irrigation.
Type of initiative Case Studies
Year Published
Language English
Asia CHINA
Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/ricetransplanting.html

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Using Human Manure (“nightsoil”) in the Tai Lake Region of China

Title Using Human Manure (“nightsoil”) in the Tai Lake Region of China
Contributor agroecology.org
Author Erle Ellis
Content China’s farmers use human manure and urine, also known as “nightsoil”, for fertilizer.
Type of initiative Case Studies
Year Published
Language English
Asia CHINA
Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/nightsoil.html

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“Oufei” Wet composting in the Thai Lake Region of China

Title “Oufei” Wet composting in the Thai Lake Region of China
Contributor agroecology.org
Author Erle Ellis
Content Traditional farmers make an anaerobic compost called “oufei” using canal sediments, legume green manures, crop residues and animal manures as a fertilizer for rice.
Type of initiative Case Studies
Year Published
Language English
Asia CHINA
Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/oufei.html

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