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AFRICA

  • Agroecology. The Bold Future of Farming in Africa

    Title Agroecology. The Bold Future of Farming in Africa
    Contributor AFSA, TOAM
    Author AFSA, TOAM
    Content A publication launched by the African Alliance for Food Sovereignty, showcasing the huge potential of Agroecology to feed Africa, fix broken food systems and repair damaged landscapes, providing abundant healthy and nutritious food sustainably while increasing incomes and improving climate resilience. The publication also illustrates 15 case studies.
    Type of initiative Case Studies, Report
    Year Published 2017
    Language English
    Africa ETHIOPIA, GHANA, KENYA, MALAWI, TOGO, UGANDA, Zimbabwe
    Link http://afsafrica.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Agroecology-the-bold-future-of-farming-in-Africa-ebook1.pdf

    Will the Green Revolution really ‘nutritionalise’ Africa?

    Title Will the Green Revolution really ‘nutritionalise’ Africa?
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Million Belay
    Content Opinion by Million Belay.
    We are told that high input agriculture will boost food production in Africa. A persistent worry for Million Belay is the loss of knowledge related to our nutritious, traditional crops if they succeed.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Africa ETHIOPIA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/reclaiming-nutrition/opinion-million-belay

    A systems approach against poverty

    Title A systems approach against poverty
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Million Belay
    Content Opinion by Million Belay.
    Why is poverty deepening in Africa even when millions of dollars continue to be poured in to alleviate it?, asks Million Belay. He answers by highlighting how we need to promote agroecology, treat agriculture as a system, and move away from green revolution approaches.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/opinion-million-belay

    Biointensive Agriculture Training Program in Kenya

    Title Biointensive Agriculture Training Program in Kenya
    Contributor Oakland Institute
    Author Oakland Institute
    Content Manor House Agricultural Center provides training in low input farming as an alternative to conventional methods, which are heavily reliant on external inputs. Farmers practicing biointensive farming techniques experience significant yield increases and improved soil fertility and grow more nutritious crops. Since 1984, over 100,000 farmers have received this training, and an estimated 200,000 households now use methods of biointensive agriculture.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2015
    Language English
    Africa KENYA
    Link http://tinyurl.com/nceez5f

    Agroforestry to Improve Farm Productivity in Mali

    Title Agroforestry to Improve Farm Productivity in Mali
    Contributor Oakland Institute
    Author Oakland Institute
    Content A research project on improved fallows examined how short-term rotations of selected perennial tree and shrub species impact cereal yields and soil quality in subsistence maize cropping systems. The effects of improved fallows on maize yields were significant when combining a tree species (Gliricidia) and a nitrogen-fixing legume (Stylosanthes). The results suggest that this innovative agroforestry strategy holds significant promise for enhancing soil fertility, maize yields and food security throughout Mali and sub-Saharan Africa.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2015
    Language English
    Africa MALI
    Link http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/Agroforestry_Mali.pdf

    Agroforesterie pour la sécurité alimentaire au Malawi

    Title Agroforesterie pour la sécurité alimentaire au Malawi
    Contributor Oakland Institute
    Author Oakland Institute
    Content Le Malawi est confronté à une myriade de problèmes environnementaux, sociaux et sanitaires, y compris l’insécurité alimentaire, la dégradation des terres et la déforestation. Un programme d’agroforesterie promeut la plantation d’arbres pour augmenter les rendements des cultures dans les sols épuisés, lutter contre la déforestation et autonomiser les femmes.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2015
    Language English, French
    Africa MALAWI
    Link http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/Securite_Alimentare_Malawi.pdf

    Bees bring a new buzz to family farming in Zimbabwe

    Title Bees bring a new buzz to family farming in Zimbabwe
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Chipo Gono
    Content One way that family farmers improve their resilience to both climatic and economic shocks is to diversify what is produced. More and different crops and livestock, particularly local varieties and breeds are being promoted. Two other options stand out too – bees and trees. These have the added advantages of complementing the production of agricultural crops and enhancing the agroecosystem. In Zimbabwe, the Ruzivo Trust has been promoting beekeeping, and the results are showing the sweet taste of success. Bees can help farmers break out of poverty.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Africa Zimbabwe
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/diversifying-with-bees-zimbabwe

    Moving from vulnerability to resilience in Africa

    Title Moving from vulnerability to resilience in Africa
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Peter Gubbels
    Content In August 2012, the Seidu family had to cope with the bad harvest. Like many farming families in northern Ghana, they had to adopt the ‘one-zero-one’ strategy for the children and the ‘zero-zero-one’ strategy for themselves. ‘One’ represents a meal, ‘zero’ is no meal. So during the lean season, their four children had breakfast in the morning, nothing at midday, and a meal in the evening.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Africa GHANA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/theme-overview-building-resilience

    Home nurseries: Viable businesses with environmental awareness

    Title Home nurseries: Viable businesses with environmental awareness
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Mohammed El Hassan Ali
    Content Butana is a dry plateau in northern Sudan, east of the river Nile. Covering 65,000 square kilometres, less than 10% can be described as ‘woodland’ in the vaguest sense of the word, and even these trees are disappearing rapidly. The Butana Integrated Rural Development Project began in 2008 with the aim of supporting the livelihoods of poor family farmers by strengthening their resilience in the face of recurrent droughts. And improving tree cover was a key means of achieving this.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Africa SUDAN
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/diversifying-with-trees

    From slash and burn to ‘slash and mulch’

    Title From slash and burn to ‘slash and mulch’
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Georges Felix
    Content In semi-arid cropping regions of West Africa, fallow periods are getting shorter. As land becomes more scarce, farmers are not able to give their soils enough time to rest. This is leading to depletion of soil organic matter, severely threatening soil fertility and damaging soil structure. In the worst cases, crops hardly yield anything anymore. But this is not an option for family farmers. In Burkina Faso, some have found ways to restore their soils that have been dubbed ‘slash and mulch’. The improvement and spread of these techniques also proves the importance of partnerships between farmers and researchers in developing locally suited practices.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Africa BURKINA FASO
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/soils-for-life/slash-and-mulch

ASIA

  • The world’s largest safety net for family farmers?

    Title The world’s largest safety net for family farmers?
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author KS Gopal
    Content India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is the largest public-works based employment programme in the world. Unanimously enacted by the Indian parliament in 2005, implementation began in February 2006. With an annual budget of six billion US dollars, it now supports some fifty million rural people – larger than the population of Senegal, Mali and Niger combined. This article focuses on the successes, issues and potential of the Act to improve the well being of workers and family farmers.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia INDIA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/social-safety-nets

    Sustainable Way of Living – Homeschooling the Youth

    Title Sustainable Way of Living – Homeschooling the Youth
    Contributor Moral Promotion Center Public Organisation, Office of Knowledge Management and Development
    Author Phra Sangkom Thanapanyo Khunsiri
    Content Mainstream education has caused difficulties for the youth of northern Thailand in reaching their dreams. In most cases, they are forced to take exorbitant student loans which brings their families in poorer conditions.

    This video proposes an alternative to mainstream education by home schooling the youth and teaching them the sustainable way of living. They are taught to live in a sufficiency economy model, consuming what they only need and driving themselves away from greed.

    Type of initiative Multi-Media
    Year Published
    Language English
    Link https://youtu.be/w4oBGneP6dY

    A ‘green revolution’ that may save Filipino coconut farmers

    Title A ‘green revolution’ that may save Filipino coconut farmers
    Contributor Rappler
    Author Rappler
    Content In agroforestry, farmers plant more than one type of crop and in different heights – a concept called multi-storey cropping. Like in the Marjes’ farm, you’ll find coconut trees or tall fruit trees watching over everything.
    In lower levels are shorter fruit trees, coffee or cacao trees, and herbal plants. On the ground are pineapples, tuber and root crops like cassava, potato, and peanut.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia PHILIPPINES
    Link http://www.rappler.com/science-nature/environment/120326-agroforestry-intercropping-coconut-farmers-quezon

    Youth and agriculture: It’s up to us

    Title Youth and agriculture: It’s up to us
    Contributor Dinesh Panday
    Author Author
    Content With a population of more than 28 million, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in Asia. But it is enormously rich in terms of biodiversity and natural resources, and agriculture plays a very important role in the country’s economy. It is also very rich in another way: young people make up 40 percent of the population. The problem is that young people don’t seem to be interested in agriculture.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia NEPAL
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/markets/youth-and-agriculture-dinesh-panday

    The Mother of Our Breath

    Title The Mother of Our Breath
    Contributor Agriculturesnetwork.org
    Author Robert V. Bishop and ILIEA
    Content Women have been the nurturers of the family and providers of food on land, while men have been providers from the sea. Children are expected to help their parents and other elders in their different tasks. This is the story of the Paulauan traditional family farming system in the western most regions of the Caroline Islands in the Republic of Palau.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia Taiwan
    Oceania PALAU
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/family-farming/palau-family-values

    Nutrition from innovation and taste from waste

    Title Nutrition from innovation and taste from waste
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Jacob Zucker, Roshan Mehta, Roshan Pudasaini
    Content From a situation of widespread undernutrition, consuming fresh vegetables all year round has now become a reality for many Nepali households thanks to their expanding home gardens. But the stories they tell show that the benefits of home gardens are not limited to improving household nutrition. The gardens also help to empower women and conserve biodiversity, two much needed conditions for better family and community nutrition on a broader scale.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia NEPAL
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/reclaiming-nutrition/diversifying-production

    Climate Resilience Sustainable Agriculture Experiences

    Title Climate Resilience Sustainable Agriculture Experiences
    Contributor ActionAid
    Author
    Content This document summarises case studies from ten countries through ActionAid’s approach to climate resilient sustainable agriculture, which incorporates agroecology in a human rights framework. Based on these experiences ActionAid recommends to increase investment in agroecology, as part of a comprehensive human rights based approach:

    • In particular in ensuring public agriculture research works with nature, taking cognisance of the natural ecological functioning;
    • That public agriculture scientists are encouraged to work with farmers to define their research priorities, disaggregating the priorities of male and female farmers;
    • That extension agents are trained on sustainable agronomic practices and farm management, which can have significant benefits in terms of building resilience, adapting to climate change, and improving production and food security;
    • Of course, all this needs to be underpinned by support for smallholder farmers’ organisations, including women farmers’ unions, to both engage effectively with markets and with government to influence public policy in their favour.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2014
    Language English
    Asia AFGHANISTAN, BANGLADESH, CAMBODIA, CHINA, MYANMAR, NEPAL
    Africa MOZAMBIQUE, RWANDA
    South America BRAZIL, Nicaragua
    Link https://ag-transition.org/wp-content/pdf/2014-CRSA_Experiences-September_2014_SMALL.compressed.pdf

    Participatory Guarantee System and Analog Forestry

    Title Participatory Guarantee System and Analog Forestry
    Contributor AgriCultures Network, ILEIA
    Author Cavan Gates, Eduardo Aguilar
    Content Besides providing for many of our needs, forests play a pivotal role in providing ecosystem services, ranging from biodiversity conservation to climate regulation. Yet over the last decade the world has lost an average of more than 5 million hectares of forests every year. Different examples show that marketing forest products can have a very positive impact, leading to higher incomes and also to healthier ecosystems.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Asia SRI LANKA
    Africa CAMEROON
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/markets/pgs

    Aprendiendo de los agricultores

    Title Aprendiendo de los agricultores
    Contributor AgriCultures Network, ILEIA
    Author ILEIA
    Content La primera vez que leí sobre el SICA fue una tarde del 2002. En los siguientes años, en mi función de extensionista de la Oficina Distrital de Desarrollo Agrícola (DADO) empecé a promover el SICA en el distrito de Morang, Nepal.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language Español
    Asia NEPAL
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/latin-america/el-sica/aprendiendo-de-los-agricultores

    SRI in Bihar: From one to 350,000

    Title SRI in Bihar: From one to 350,000
    Contributor AgriCultures Network, ILEIA
    Author ILEIA
    Content Farmers in Bihar were initially sceptical when they heard about the System of Rice Intensification, five years ago. Only one farmer decided to try it. From then, first by word of mouth and now with government support,

    SRI has gone from strength to strength.In 2012, Bihar had some 335,000 hectares of SRI paddy and had a record rice harvest. One small-scale farmer has broken the world record for rice production, achieving a staggering 22.4 tons/hectare, almost 10 times the previous typical yield in the state.

    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language
    Asia INDIA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/sri/sri-in-bihar

EUROPE

  • Youth and agriculture: German youth struggle for land

    Title Youth and agriculture: German youth struggle for land
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Paula Gioia
    Content ‘Land grabbing’ has grabbed people’s attention in recent years, but this phenomenon is not restricted to developing countries. In the heart of Europe, young German farmers like Paula Giola are also struggling to retain and regain access to farmland.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Europe GERMANY
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/german-youth-land-struggle

    La Durette, a pilot agroecological farm

    Title La Durette, a pilot agroecological farm
    Contributor GRAB (Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture Biologique)
    Author François Warlop
    Content La Durette is a pilot farm in agroecology located in Avignon, France. Its aim is to set up innovative mediterranean agricultural systems, mixing crops under agroforestry in various designs – mainly fruits and vegetables, and integrating animals into the systems. 

    The 5-hectares farm will be managed by 2 farmers from 2015 on, in order to see if such innovative complex systems are easy to manage, and still competitive.

    Type of initiative Research
    Year Published
    Language Français
    Europe FRANCE
    Link http://www.grab.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/dossier-Durette-oct-13.pdf

    Old traditions, new practices

    Title Old traditions, new practices
    Contributor AgriCultures Network, ILEIA
    Author Katrien van’t Hooft
    Content The August 2012 issue of De Boerderij, a popular magazine for Dutch farmers, showed how “innovative farmers are increasingly successful in finding their consumers”. More than 3,300 farmers (out of a countrywide total of 67,000) are selling their products directly to consumers, bypassing supermarkets in the process. And this number is growing fast. The age-old practice of direct marketing is coming back to the Netherlands, and consumers are playing an important role.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published
    Language English
    Europe NETHERLANDS
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/markets/old-traditions-new-practices

    Seeking convergence on agroecology- a conference impression

    Title Seeking convergence on agroecology- a conference impression
    Contributor ILEIA
    Author Janneke Bruil, Leonardo van den Berg
    Content Whoever thought that agroecology is only gaining momentum as an agricultural practice, science and movement in Latin America, is wrong. A two day conference in June 2013 clearly depicted the richness of agroecology in Europe- as well as the challenges and opportunities.

    Initiated by scientific network ENSSER, the meeting convened politicians, activists, officials, seed breeders, a small number of farmers and interested citizens. The variety of initiatives that were shared, on farming with nature and on farmer-consumer/citizen initiatives in Europe, was quite overwhelming.

    What stood out was the consensus on the need to move from a ‘productivist’ to a ‘sufficiency’ paradigm, to cross-fertilise agroecology with food sovereignty and to co-create knowledge, especially with farmers.

    Type of initiative Report
    Year Published
    Language English
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/resources/extra/news/agroecology-europe

    Ecological Agriculture, Climate Resilience and a Roadmap to Get There

    Title Ecological Agriculture, Climate Resilience and a Roadmap to Get There
    Contributor Third World Network
    Author Doreen Stabinsky and Lim Li Ching
    Content Environment and Development Series No. 14.
    This paper looks at how ecological agriculture, by building healthy soils, cultivating biological diversity and improving water harvesting and management, can strengthen farmers’ capacity to adapt to climate change. Accordingly, the authors call for a reorientation of policy, funding and research priorities from the dominant industrial agriculture model to ecological agriculture.
    Type of initiative Article
    Year Published
    Language English
    Link http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/end/pdf/end14.pdf

    Designing and Disseminating Ecological Production Systems for Perennials: Organic Olive Production in Crete

    Title Designing and Disseminating Ecological Production Systems for Perennials: Organic Olive Production in Crete
    Contributor agroecology.org
    Author E. Kabourakis, NAGREF
    Content Olive production is a major crop in the Mediterranean region. Organic olive production offers agroecological and socioeconomic advantages. A prototyping design methodology was used to design, introduce, test and disseminate ecological olive production systems
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2001
    Language English
    Europe GREECE
    Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/Crete.html

    Biological Control of Lygus rugulipennis in Italy

    Title Biological Control of Lygus rugulipennis in Italy
    Contributor agroecology.org
    Author Gianumberto Accinelli
    Content Use a technique with a low level of environmental impact for the management of Lygus rugulipennis, a very harmful pest for many crops, especially lettuce, in Italy.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2000
    Language English
    Europe ITALY
    Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/Lygus.html

    Interaction between Agricultural and Natural Systems in the Mediterranean Landscape of Apulia, Italy

    Title Interaction between Agricultural and Natural Systems in the Mediterranean Landscape of Apulia, Italy
    Contributor agroecology.org
    Author Raffaele Lafortezza
    Content This study has developed a comprehensive framework that incorporates landscape ecological principles and GIS analysis in the planning and design of more sustainable agricultural systems in the Mediterranean landscape of Apulia (Southern Italy)
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2001
    Language English
    Europe ITALY
    Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/Apulia.html

    Nematodes in the “Tierra Estella” zone of Navarra, Spain

    Title Nematodes in the “Tierra Estella” zone of Navarra, Spain
    Contributor agroecology.org
    Author Carmelo Perez
    Content The object of this study is to see the presence of nematodes in the soils of the areas of Ayegui, Muniain de la Solana, Sesma, Sartaguda and Andosilla.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2001
    Language English
    Europe SPAIN
    Link http://www.agroecology.org/Case%20Studies/nematodes.html

    Beyond battery cages: a humane, sustainable model of egg production in The Netherlands

    Title Beyond battery cages: a humane, sustainable model of egg production in The Netherlands
    Contributor World Society for the Protection of Animals
    Author World Society for the Protection of Animals
    Content Anticipating the disappearance of battery cages, alternative, more humane and sustainable methods of egg production have been and are being devel -oped. One up-and-coming example is the Roundel, a concept in The Netherlands that became operational in 2010 and is success-fully expanding. This case study shows its social, environmental and economic benefits – and the unique partnership between business, scientists and civil society that lay the foundation to its success.
    Type of initiative Case Studies
    Year Published 2011
    Language English
    Europe NETHERLANDS
    Link http://tinyurl.com/7lpchvt

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