Less intensive farming in the West and more intensive farming in developing countries can solve the world’s food problem. That is, if the farming is done on an ecological basis. ‘Farming methods in both developed and developing countries need to be updated’, says Pablo Tittonell, professor in Farming Systems Ecology Read more
|Title||Agroecological research: Conforming – or transforming the dominant agro-food regime?|
|Contributor||Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems|
Agroecology has three practical forms—a scientific discipline, an agricultural practice, and a social movement. Their integration has provided a collective-action mode for contesting the dominant agro-food regime and creating alternatives, especially through a linkage with food sovereignty. At the same time, agroecology has been recently adopted by some actors who also promote conventional agriculture. Agroecology can play different roles—either conforming to the dominant regime, or else helping to transform it—contingent on specific empowerment strategies. Tensions between “conform versus transform” roles can be identified in European agroecological research, especially in three areas: farm-level agroecosystems development; participatory plant breeding; and short food-supply chains remunerating agroecological methods. To play a transformative role, collaborative strategies need to go beyond the linear stereotype whereby scientists “transfer” technology or farmers “apply” scientific research results. To the extent that farmer–scientist alliances co-create and exchange knowledge, such gains can transform the research system.
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 38(10)
|Author/s||Gaetan Vanloqueren, Les Levidow, Michel Pimbert|
|Title||Ten qualities of family farming|
|Author||Jan Douwe van der Ploeg|
|Content||Even in the International Year of Family Farming there is confusion about family farming. What is it, and what distinguishes it from entrepreneurial farming or family agribusiness? The confusion tends to be highest in places where the modernisation of agriculture has led society further away from farming. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg takes us into the world of family farming, which he says is considered to be “both archaic and anarchic, and attractive and seductive.|
|Type of initiative||Article|
|Title||La Durette, a pilot agroecological farm|
|Contributor||GRAB (Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture Biologique)|
|Content||La Durette is a pilot farm in agroecology located in Avignon, France. Its aim is to set up innovative mediterranean agricultural systems, mixing crops under agroforestry in various designs – mainly fruits and vegetables, and integrating animals into the systems.
The 5-hectares farm will be managed by 2 farmers from 2015 on, in order to see if such innovative complex systems are easy to manage, and still competitive.
|Type of initiative||Research|