• Peasant farming. A Buffer for Human Societies

    Content This article by Angela Hilmi and Sara Burbi explores the importance of peasant farming worldwide, the debate about its disappearance and the way it is being impacted by differentiated policies. It takes two examples, Tunisia and Egypt, during post-colonial times. In both cases policies tended to favour the modernization of agriculture, ignoring the contribution of peasant farming to the national economies. But interestingly the data show a surprisingly significant importance and increase in the number of small farms in both countries. While theoretical debates continue about the disappearance of peasantries, reality demonstrates that peasant farming is a formidable and resilient buffer for human societies, which helps stabilize, balance and enrich them.
    Author Angela Hilmi, Sara Burbi
    Contributor Society for International Development
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Link http://rdcu.be/nIxA

    Agroecology. The Bold Future of Farming in Africa

    Content A publication launched by the African Alliance for Food Sovereignty, showcasing the huge potential of Agroecology to feed Africa, fix broken food systems and repair damaged landscapes, providing abundant healthy and nutritious food sustainably while increasing incomes and improving climate resilience. The publication also illustrates 15 case studies.
    Author AFSA, TOAM
    Contributor AFSA, TOAM
    Year Published 2017
    Type of Initiative Case Studies, Report
    Link http://afsafrica.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Agroecology-the-bold-future-of-farming-in-Africa-ebook1.pdf

    Making Sense of Research – Research for Practical Application in Land Management

    Content Application-focused book with the findings of international research on sustainable land management presented at the global Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

    According to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, twelve million hectares of fertile, arable land is lost each and every year. Soils are suffering from aridization, salination and overuse. This means that the loss of soil fertility is one of the central challenges to society with regard to the management of natural resources. Solutions for more sustainable land use that not only takes into account the environment and existing ecosystems worldwide but also aspects of climate change are presented in the book “Making Sense of Research for Sustainable Land Management”. It is published by the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) and the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) of the University of Bern.
    This scientific volume will be presented today at the global Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13) being held in Cancun (Mexico) in a dedicated session as part of the Landscape Day.

    Author Hanspeter Liniger, Peter Moll, Rima Mekdaschi Studer, Ute Zander
    Contributor Benjamin Haerdle
    Year Published 2017
    Type of Initiative Research
    Link http://www.wocat.net/makingsense

    Will the Green Revolution really ‘nutritionalise’ Africa?

    Content Opinion by Million Belay.
    We are told that high input agriculture will boost food production in Africa. A persistent worry for Million Belay is the loss of knowledge related to our nutritious, traditional crops if they succeed.
    Author Million Belay
    Contributor ILEIA
    Year Published 2014
    Type of Initiative Article
    Country ETHIOPIA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/reclaiming-nutrition/opinion-million-belay

    How Yapuchiris build climate resilience

    Content Dealing with the uncertainties of changing climates is a challenge faced by farmers around the world. Near Cochabamba in Bolivia’s Andean high plateau, a group of agroecological farmers are leading the way by developing and sharing innovative practices that help their communities break out of the vicious cycle of increased poverty and vulnerability. But challenges remain…
    Author Luis Carlos Aguilar, Tania Ricaldi Arévalo
    Contributor ILEIA
    Year Published 2014
    Type of Initiative Case Studies
    Country BOLIVIA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/resilience-faces/yapuchiris

    Access and benefit sharing in participatory plant breeding in Southwest China

    Content This contribution discusses access and benefit sharing within the context of participatory plant breeding. It presents how Chinese farmers and breeders interact in relation to crop improvement and on-farm maintenance of plant genetic resources. Based on more than a decade of action research, a number of institutional changes were accomplished as a result of the interactions between national and provincial breeding institutes, rural development researchers and local maize farmers. Although the respective legislation in China is not yet adequately formulated, access and benefit sharing can still be addressed in contracts and by labelling products of a particular geographic origin.
    Author Ronnie Vernooy, Xin Song, Yiching Song, Zhang Yanyan
    Contributor centre for learning ILEIA: Centre for Learning on sustainable agriculture
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Country CHINA
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/access-and-benefit-sharing-in-participatory-plant-breeding-in-southwest-china

    Rescuing our maize: Building a network

    Content A network of communities in West-Central Mexico has rescued its traditional landraces of maize. This experience shows that the benefits of defending an ancestral good is not only limited to regaining cultural identity and agrobiodiversity. The defence of native maize has become a space where old and new knowledge redefined
    agriculture and where people achieved food sovereignty, technical autonomy, and a new sense of community.
    Author Jaime Morales Hernández
    Contributor Farming Matters Magazine, ILEIA- centre for learning on sustainable agriculture
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/co-creation-of-knowledge/rescuing-our-maize-building-a-network

    Evolutionary populations: Living gene banks in farmers’ fields in Iran

    Content Efforts to rapidly increase on-farm biodiversity are a matter of urgency in an era of climate change. To do so, family farmers need better access to the genetic material of research stations and gene banks. Collaboration with scientists who are willing and able to work together with farmers is crucial. The Evolutionary Plant Breeding programme in Iran is one example of how this can be done.
    Author Ali Razmkhah, Khadija Razavi, Maede Salimi, Maryam Rahmanian, Reza Haghparast, Salvatore Ceccarelli
    Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Country IRAN
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/evolutionary-populations-living-gene-banks-in-farmers2019-fields-in-iran-1

    Seed banks and national policy in Brazil

    Content Increasingly, seeds are the domain of professional breeders, agribusiness and policy makers. They decide what makes for a good variety and they develop legislation that excludes other varieties. Despite this,family farmer organisations and social movements in Paraíba,Brazil, have managed to strengthen decentralised farmerdriven seed selection and distribution systems and public seed policies. They may well be opening the way for another seed regime in the country, with its own access and benefit sharing mechanisms.
    Author Emanoel Dias da Silva, Gabriel Fernandes, Luciano Silveira, Paulo Petersen
    Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/seed-banks-and-national-policy-in-brazil

    Looking outside the box. Access and benefit sharing for family farmers in Zimbabwe

    Content What is successful access and benefit sharing’ for
    smallholder family farmers? This contribution argues it is not about legal contracts or mechanisms that regulate the international transfer of plant genetic resources. It is about farmers’ access to seed diversity and the ability to share in the benefits of the continuing cycles of seed conservation and development. The Community Technology Development Trust in Zimbabwe supports mechanisms that, in practice, do result in substantial access to and benefit sharing of local and modern varieties.
    Author Andrew Mushita, Bram de Jong, Patrick Kasasa
    Contributor ILEIA- centre for learning on sustainable agriculture
    Year Published 2016
    Type of Initiative Article
    Country Zimbabwe
    Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/looking-outsidethe-box-access-and-benefit-sharing-for-family-farmers-in-zimbabwe