Evolutionary populations: Living gene banks in farmers’ fields in Iran

Content Efforts to rapidly increase on-farm biodiversity are a matter of urgency in an era of climate change. To do so, family farmers need better access to the genetic material of research stations and gene banks. Collaboration with scientists who are willing and able to work together with farmers is crucial. The Evolutionary Plant Breeding programme in Iran is one example of how this can be done.
Author Ali Razmkhah, Khadija Razavi, Maede Salimi, Maryam Rahmanian, Reza Haghparast, Salvatore Ceccarelli
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Country IRAN
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/evolutionary-populations-living-gene-banks-in-farmers2019-fields-in-iran-1

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Seed banks and national policy in Brazil

Content Increasingly, seeds are the domain of professional breeders, agribusiness and policy makers. They decide what makes for a good variety and they develop legislation that excludes other varieties. Despite this,family farmer organisations and social movements in Paraíba,Brazil, have managed to strengthen decentralised farmerdriven seed selection and distribution systems and public seed policies. They may well be opening the way for another seed regime in the country, with its own access and benefit sharing mechanisms.
Author Emanoel Dias da Silva, Gabriel Fernandes, Luciano Silveira, Paulo Petersen
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/seed-banks-and-national-policy-in-brazil

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Potato breeding in the Netherlands: successful collaboration between farmers and commercial breeders

Content The Dutch potato breeding model, which involves a partnership between family farmers and commercial breeding companies in a modern, Western context, is unique. While there are other examples of collaborative relationships between farmers and breeders in Europe, the Dutch potato breeding model stands out in terms of its long track record, the involvement of the private sector, and the institutional integration of the relationship which up to today facilitates access to genetic materials and financial benefit sharing.
Author Conny Almekinders, Edith Lammerts van Bueren, Jan van Loon, Loes Mertens
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/potato-breeding-in-the-netherlands-successful-collaboration-between-farmers-and-commercial-breeders

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Conclusions: Learning from farmer-led access and benefit sharing

Content This special issue of Farming Matters magazine has explored the ways in which access and benefit sharing of plant genetic resources can work for family farmers. On one hand it presents cases that demonstrate the limited extent to which family farmers have been able to benefit from the ‘formal’ ABS process: the rather complex arrangements between international agreements and national authorities, institutions and communities. On the other hand, this publication uncovers some of the effective principles and mechanisms for access and benefit sharing that are part and parcel of farmers’ everyday practices, even when formal ABS regulations have not yet been designed or implemented. What can we conclude?
Author Janneke Bruil, Robin Pistorius, Ronnie Vernooy
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/learning-from-farmer-led-access-and-benefit-sharing-conclusions

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Giving new life to peasant seeds in Ecuador

Content In the Ecuadorian provinces of Bolivar, Chimborazo, and Cotopaxi, family farmers are building new capacity to conserve and use the biodiversity on their farms. By participating in action research they gain a greater understanding and control of their plant genetic resources. This results in increased resilience to climatic and other shocks and takes them further on the path towards food sovereignty.
Author Pedro J. Oyarzun, Ross Mary Borja
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/giving-new-life-to-peasant-seeds-in-ecuador

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Interview: “Agroecology is an epistemological revolution”

Content Victor M. Toledo is a Mexican ethnoecologist and social activist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. His work focuses primarily on the study of agroecological and knowledge systems. In this interview, Victor M. Toledo explains why co-creation of knowledge is an integral part of agroecology and discusses the changes that are needed for this form of agriculture to gain ground in the global
arena. He argues that agroecology is in itself a major shift in our relationship with knowledge.
Author Diana Quiroz
Contributor Farming Matters Magazine, ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Interview
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/co-creation-of-knowledge/interview-201cagroecology-is-an-epistemological-revolution201d

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A farmer NGO-scientist synergy

Content Farmers are plant breeders when they select and save the seeds of the plants best adapted to the conditions in their fields. For over two decades, farmer breeders in Honduras have been working with scientists and NGOs to develop new bean varieties. In a context of high agrobiodiversity, limited public sector agricultural research capacity and extension services, the process has not always been smooth. Against all odds, this collaborative effort, which has brought scientific knowledge together with farmer knowledge, has positioned farmers at the forefront of innovation for climate change adaptation. This article highlights lessons learned over 20 years about the power of knowledge co-creation.
Author Juan Carlos Rosas, Marvin Gómez, Sally Humphries
Contributor Farming Matters Magazine, ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/co-creation-of-knowledge/a-farmer-ngo-scientist-synergy-2

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Improving access to vegetable seeds for resilient family farms in Costa Rica

Content A group of coffee farmers in Turrialba, Costa Rica,is successfully exploring diversification options with horticultural food crops. This is being done in collaboration with two vegetable seed banks that allow family farmers to use varieties freely under the multilateral system of FAO´s International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
Author Lindsey Hethcote, Maarten van Zonneveld, Nelly Vasquez, V. Ernesto Méndez, William Solano
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/improving-access-to-vegetable-seeds-for-resilient-family-farms-in-costa-rica

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Access and benefit sharing of genetic resources for family farmers: Theory and practice

Content Only a small number of governments have established meaningful and effective farmer-centred measures for the implementation of access and benefit sharing of genetic resources. One reason is the highly complex nature of the international regulatory system. This special issue of Farming Matters magazine presents practical ways in which access and benefit sharing for family farmers can be enhanced through collaborative efforts based on the rural realities, knowledge and needs of local communities. Key in this approach are community seed banks and farmer seed systems, which serve as local points of access to genetic resources as well as ensuring equitable sharing of benefits. This article presents an overview of both the ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ access and benefit sharing systems that are currently being used, and examines the theory and practice of these systems.
Author Robin Pistorius
Contributor ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources/access-and-benefit-sharing-of-genetic-resources-for-family-farmers-theory-and-practice

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Strawberry fields forever

Content Professor Steve Gliessman and farmer Jim Cochran are among the movers and shakers of the strawberry sector in California. Since the 1980s they have been experimenting with sustainable ways to grow strawberries and with alternative food networks. Committed to the agroecological transition, they built a powerful farmer- researcher partnership that was groundbreaking for farmers, academia and the strawberry industry as a whole.
Author Jim Cochran, Steve Gliessman
Contributor Farming Matters Magazine, ILEIA Center for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture
Year Published 2016
Type of Initiative Article
Link http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/co-creation-of-knowledge/strawberry-fields-forever

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